**NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 4 Linear Equations in One Variable**

**Question. 1 The solution of which of the following equations is neither a fraction nor an integer?**

** (a) -3x + 2=5x + 2 (b)4x-18=2 (c)4x + 7 = x + 2 (d)5x-8 = x +4**

** Solution.** For option (c)

**Question. 2 The solution of the equation ax + b = 0 is**

** **

** Solution.**

**Question. 3 If 8x – 3 = 25 + 17x, then x is**

** (a) a fraction (b) an integer**

** (c) a rational number (d) Cannot be solved**

**Solution.** (c) Given, 8x-3 = 25+17x

**Question. 4 The shifting of a number from one side of an equation to other is called**

** (a) transposition (b) distributivity**

** (c) commutativity (d) associativity .**

**Solution. **(a) The shifting of a number from one side of an equation to other side is called transposition.

e.g. x +a = 0is the equation, x = -a

Here, number ‘a’ shifts from left hand side to right hand side.

**Question. 5 If -4 = , then the numerical value of 2x – 7 is**

** (a) (b)**

** (c)0 (d)**

** Solution.**(b)

**Question. 6 The value of x, for which the expressions 3x – 4 and 2x + 1 become equal, is**

** (a) -3 (b) 0**

** (c) 5 x (d) 1**

** Solution.** (c) Given expressions 3x – 4 and 2x + 1 are equal.

Then, 3x-4 = 2x + 1

3x- 2x = 1 + 4 [transposing 2x to LHS and -4 to RHS]

x = 5

Hence, the value of x is 5.

**Question. 7 If a and b are positive integers, then the solution of the equation ax = b has to be always**

** (a) positive (b) negative (c) one (d) zero**

** Solution.** (a) If ax = b, then x =

Since, a and b are positive integers. So, is also positive integer, Hence, the solution of the given equation has to be always positive.

**Question. 8 Linear equation in one variable has**

** (a) only one variable with any power**

** (b) only one term with a variable**

** (c) only one variable with power 1**

** (d) only constant term**

** Solution.** (c) Linear equation in one variable has only one variable with power 1.

e.g. 3x + 1 = 0,2y – 3 = 7 and z + 9 = – 2 are the linear equations in one variable.

**Question. 9 Which of the following is a linear expression?**

** (a) +1 (b) y + **

** (c) 4 (d) 1 + z**

**Solution.** (d) We know that, the algebraic expression in one variable having the highest power of the variable as 1, is known as the linear expression.

Here, 1 + z is the only linear expression, as the power of the variable z is 1.

**Question.10 A linear equation in one variable has**

** (a) only one solution (b) two solutions**

** (c) more than two solutions (d) no solution**

**Solution.** (a) A linear equation in one variable has only one solution.

e.g. Solution of the linear equation ax + b = 0 is unique, i.e. x =

**Question. 11 The value of S in + S = is**

** (a) (b)**

** (c)10 (d)0**

** Solution.**(b) Given, + S =

**Question.12 If – y = – then y is equal to**

** (a) (b)**

** (c) (d)**

**Solution.**

**Question. 13 The digit in the ten’s place of a two-digit number is 3 more than the digit in the unit’s place. Let the digit at unit’s place be b. Then, the number is**

** (a) 11b+30 (b) 10b+ 30**

** (c) 11 b + 3 (d) 10b + 3**

** Solution.** (a) Let digit at unit’s place be b.

Then, digit at ten’s place = (3 + b)

Number = 10 (3 + b) + b – 30 + 10b + b = 11b + 30

**Question. 14 Arpita’s present age is thrice of Shilpa. If Shilpa’s age three years ago was x, then Arpita’s present age is**

** (a) 3 (x – 3) (b)3x + 3**

** (c) 3x – 9 (d) 3(x + 3)**

** Solution.** (d) Given, Shilpa’s age three years ago = x

Then, Shilpa’s present age = (x + 3)

Arpita’s present age = 3 x Shilpa’s present age = 3 (x + 3)

**Question. 15 The sum of three consecutive multiples of 7 is 357. Find the smallest multiple.****(a) 112 (b) 126 (c) 119 (d) 116**

** Solution.**

**Fill in the Blanks**

**In questions 16 to 32, fill in the blanks to make each statement true.**

** Question. 16 In a linear equation, the——— power of the variable appearing in the equation is one.**

** Solution.** highest

e.g. x + 3 = O and x + 2 = 4 are the linear equations.

**Question. 17 The solution of the equation 3x – 4 = 1 – 2x is————- .**

** Solution**.

**Question. 18 The solution of the equation 2y = 5y- is————.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 19 Any value of the variable, which makes both sides of an equation equal, is known as a———–of the equation.**

** Solution.** e.g. x + 2 = 3 => x = 3-2 = 1 [transposing 2 to RHS]

Hence, x = 1 satisfies the equation and it is a solution of the equation.

**Question. 20 9x – ……………….. = – 21 has the solution (- 2).**

** Solution. 3**

Let 9x-m= -21 has the solution (-2).

**Question. 21 Three consecutive numbers whose sum is 12 are——–,————-and———.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 22 The share of A when Rs 25 are divided between A and B, so that A gets Rs 8 more than B, is——–.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 23 A term of an equation can be transposed to the other side by changing its—-.**

** Solution.** sign

e.g. x + a = 0 is a linear equation. .

=> x = -a

Hence, the term of an equation can be transposed to the other side by changing its sign.

**Question. 24 On subtracting 8 from x, the result is 2. The value of x is——–.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 25 + 30 = 18 has the solution as——–.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 26 When a number is divided by 8, the result is -3. The number is——–.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 27 When 9 is subtracted from the product of p and 4, the result is 11. The value of p is—-.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 28 If x-2=5- x,then x=——-.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 29 After 18 years, Swarnim will be 4 times as old as he is now. His present age is——–.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 30 Convert the statement ‘adding 15 to 4 times x is 39’ into an equation.**

** Solution.** 4x+ 15=39

To convert the given statement into an equation, first x is multiplied by 4 and then 15 is added to get the result 39. i.e. 4x + 15=39

**Question. 31 The denominator of a rational number is greater than the numerator by 10. If the numerator is increased by 1 and the denominator is decreased by 1, then expression for new denominator is——.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 32 The sum of two consecutive multiples of 10 is 210. The smaller multiple is——-.**

** Solution.**

**True/False**

**In questions 33 to 48, state whether the statements are True or False.**

** Question. 33 3 years ago, the age of boy was y years. His age 2 years ago was (y — 2) years.**

** Solution.** False

Given, 3 yr ago, age of boy = y yr

Then, present age of boy = (y + 3)yr

2 yr ago, age of boy = y + 3-2 = (y + 1)yr

**Question. 34 Shikha’s present age is p years. Reemu’s present age is 4 times the present age of Shikha. After 5 years, Reemu’s age will be 15p years.**

** Solution.** False

Given, Shikha’s present age = pyr

Then, Reemu’s present age = 4 x (Shikha’s present age) = 4pyr After 5 yr, Reemu’s age = (4p+5)yr

**Question. 35 In a 2-digit number, the unit’s place digit is x. If the sum of digits be 9, then the number is (10x – 9).**

** Solution.** False

Given, unit’s digit = x

and sum of digits = 9

Ten’s digit = 9 – x

Hence, the number = 10 (9 -x)+x = 90 -10x + x = 90 – 9x

**Question. 36 Sum of the ages of Anju and her mother is 65 years. If Anju’s present age is y years, then her mother’s age before 5 years is (60 – y) years.**

** Solution.** True

Given, Anju’s present age = y yr

Then, Anju’s mother age = (65 – y)yr

Before 5 yr, Anju’s mother age = 65 – y – 5 = (60 – y)yr

**Question. 37 The number of boys and girls in a class are in the ratio 5 : 4. If the number of boys is 9 more than the number of girls, then number of boys is 9.**

** Solution.** False

Let the number of boys be 5x and the number of girls be 4x.

According to the question, – 5x – 4x = 9 => x = 9

Hence, number of boys = 5 x 9 = 45

**Question. 38 A and B are together 90 years old. Five years ago, A was thrice as old as B was. Hence, the ages of A and B five years back would be (x – 5) years and (85 – x) years, respectively.**

** Solution.** True

Let the age of A be x yr.

Then, age of S = (90 – x) yr

Five years ago, the age of A = (x- 5) yr

The age of B= 90-x-5 = (85-x)yr

Hence, the ages of A and 8 five years back would be (x – 5) yr and (85 – x) yr, respectively.

**Question. 39 Two different equations can never have the same answer.**

** Solution.** False

Two different equations may have the same answer.

e.g.2x + 1 = 2 and 2x – 5 = – 4 are the two linear equations whose solution is

**Question. 40 In the equation 3x – 3 = 9, transposing – 3 to RHS, we get 3x = 9.**

** Solution.** False

Given, 3x – 3 = 9

=> 3x = 9 + 3 [transposing -3 to RHS]

=> 3x = 12

**Question. 41 In the equation 2x = 4 – x, transposing – x to LHS, we get x = 4.**

** Solution.** False

Given, 2x = 4-x

=> 2x + x = 4 [transposing -x to LHS]

=> 3x = 4

**Question. 42**

** Solution.**

**Question. 43**

** **

** Solution.**

**Question. 44 If 6x = 18, then 18x = 54.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 45 If , then x=.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 46 If x is an even number, then the next even number is 2(x +1).**

** Solution.** False

Given, x is an even number. Then, the next even number is (x + 2).

**Question. 47 If the sum of two consecutive numbers is 93 and one of them is x, then the other number is 93 – x.**

** Solution.** True

Given, one of the consecutive number = x

Then, the next consecutive number = x + 1

**Question. 48 Two numbers differ by 40. When each number is increased by 8, the bigger becomes thrice the lesser number. If one number is x, then the other number is (40 – x).**

** Solution.**

**In Questions 49 to 78, solve the following.**

** Question. 49 .**

** Solution.**

**Question. 50 .**

** Solution.**

**Question. 51 .**

** Solution.**

**Question. 52 .**

** Solution.**

**Question. 53 .**

** Solution.**

**Question. 54 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 55 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 56 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 57 0.4(3x-1)=0.5x +1**

** Solution.**

**Question. 58 8x-7-3x=6x-2x-3**

** Solution.**

**Question. 59 10x-5-7x=5x+15-8**

** Solution.**

**Question. 60 4t-3-(3t+1)=5t-4**

** Solution.**

**Question. 61 5(x-1)-2(x+8)=0**

** Solution.**

**Question. 62 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 63 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 64 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 65 **

** Solution. **Given

**Question. 66 1-(x-2)-[(x-3)-(x-1)]=0**

** Solution.**

**Question. 67 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 68 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 69 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 70 0.25(4x-5)=0.75x +8**

** Solution.**

**Question. 71 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 72 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 73 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 74 **

** Solution.**

**Question. 75 **

** Solution.** Given

**Question. 76 4 (3p + 2) – 5 (6p – 1) = 2 (p – 8) – 6 (7p – 4)**

** Solution.**

**Question. 77 3(5x-2)+2(9x-11)=4(8x-7)-111**

** Solution.**

**Question. 78 0.16 (5x-2)=0.4x +7**

** Solution.**

**Question. 79 Radha takes some flowers in a basket and visits three temples one-by-one. At each temple, she offers one half of the flowers from the basket. If she is left with 3 flowers at the end, then find the number of flowers she had in the beginning.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 80 Rs 13500 are to be distributed among Salma, Kiran and Jenifer in such a way that Salma gets Rs 1000 more than Kiran and Jenifer gets Rs 500 more than Kiran. Find the money received by Jenifer.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 81 The volume of water in a tank is twice of that in the other. If we draw out 25 litres from the first and add it to the other, the volumes of the water in each tank will be the same. Find the volumes of water in each tank.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 82 Anushka and Aarushi are friends. They have equal amount of money in their pockets. Anushka gave 1/3 of her money to Aarushi as her birthday gift. Then, Aarushi gave a party at a restaurant and cleared the bill by paying half of the total money with her. If the remaining money in Aarushi’s pocket is Rs 1600, then find the sum gifted by Anushka.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 83 Kaustubh had 60 flowers. He offered some flowers in temple and found that the ratio of the number of remaining flowers to that of flowers in the beginning is 3 : 5. Find the number of flowers offered by him in the temple.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 84 The sum of three consecutive even natural numbers is 48. Find the greatest of these numbers.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 85 The sum of three consecutive odd natural numbers is 69. Find the prime number out of these numbers.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 86 The sum of three consecutive numbers is 156. Find the number which is a multiple of 13 out of these numbers.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 87 Find a number whose fifth part increased by 30 is equal to its fourth part decreased by 30.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 88 Divide 54 into two parts, such that one part is 2/7 of the other.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 89 Sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 11. The given number is less than the number obtained by interchanging the digits by 9. Find the number.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 90 Two equal sides of a triangle are each 4 m less than three times the third side. Find the dimensions of the triangle, if its perimeter is 55 m.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 91 After 12 years, Kanwar shall be 3 times as old as he was 4 years ago. Find his present age.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 92 Anima left one-half of her property to her daughter, one-third to her son and donated the rest to an educational institute. If the donation was worth Rs 100000, how much money did Anima have?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 93 If 1/2 is subtracted from a number and the difference is multiplied by 4, the result is 5. What is the number?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 94 The sum of four consecutive integers is 266. What are the integers?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 95 Hamid has three boxes of different fruits. Box A weighs kg more than box B and Box C weighs kg more than box B. The total weight of the three boxes is kg. How many kilograms does box A weigh?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 96 The perimeter of a rectangle is 240 cm. If its length is increased by 10% and its breadth is decreased by 20%, then we get the same perimeter. Find the length and breadth of the rectangle.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 97 The age of A is five years more than that of B. 5 years ago, the ratio of their ages was 3 :2. Find their present ages.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 98 If numerator is 2 less than denominator of a rational number and when 1 is subtracted from numerator and denominator both, the rational number in its simplest form is 1/2. What is the rational number?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 99 In a two-digit number, digit in unit’s place is twice the digit in ten’s place. If 27 is added to it, digits are reversed. Find the number.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 100 A man was engaged as typist for the month of February in 2009. He was paid Rs 500 per day, but Rs 100 per day were deducted for the days he remained absent. He received Rs 9100 as salary for the month. For how many days did he work?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 101 A steamer goes downstream and covers the distance between two ports in 3 hours. It covers distance in 5 hours, when it goes upstream. If the stream flows at 3 km/h, then find what is the speed of the steamer upstream?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 102 A lady went to a bank with Rs 100000. She asked the cashier to give her Rs 500 and Rs 1000 currency notes in return. She got 175 currency notes in all. Find the number of each kind of currency notes.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 103 There are 40 passengers in a bus, some with Rs 3 tickets and remaining with Rs 10 tickets. The total collection from these passengers is Rs 295. Find how many passengers have tickets worth Rs 3?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 104 Denominator of a number is 4 less than its numerator. If 6 is added to the numerator, it becomes thrice the denominator. Find the fraction.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 105 An employee works in a company on a contract of 30 days on the condition that he will receive Rs 120 for each day he works and he will be fined Rs 10 for each day he is absent. If he receives Rs 2300 in all, for how many days did he remain absent?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 106 Kusum buys some chocolates at the rate of Rs 10 per chocolate. She also buys an equal number of candies at the rate of Rs 5 per candy. She makes a 20% profit on chocolates and 8% profit on candies. At the end of the day, all chocolates arid’ candies are sold out and her profit is Rs 240. Find the number of chocolates purchased.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 107 A steamer goes downstream and covers the distance between two ports in 5 hours, while it covers the same distance upstream in 6 hours. If the speed of the stream is 1 km/h, then find the speed of the steamer in still water.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 108 Distance between two places A and B is 210 km. Two cars start simultaneously from A and B in opposite directions and distance between them after 3 hours is 54 km. If speed of one car is less than that of other by 8 km/h, then find the speed of each.**

** Solution.**

**Question. 109 A carpenter charged Rs 2500 for making a bed. The cost of materials used is Rs 1100 and the labour charge is Rs 200 per hour. For how many hours did the carpenter work?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 110 For what value of x is the perimeter of shape 77 cm?**

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** Solution.**

**Question. 111 For what value of x is the perimeter of shape 186 cm?**

** **

** Solution.**

**Question. 112 On dividing Rs 200 between A and B, such that twice of A’s share is less than 3 times B’s share by 200, what is B’s share?**

** Solution.**

**Question. 113 Madhulika thought of a number, doubled it and added 20 to it. On dividing the resulting number by 25, she gets 4. What is the number?**

** Solution.**